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Do Bluebirds Eat Corn? A Complete Guide

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do bluebirds eat corn

Did you know that bluebirds are more than just beautiful creatures? These small, colorful birds play a vital role in our ecosystem. But what do bluebirds eat? While insects make up the majority of their diet, bluebirds also enjoy indulging in fruits, berries, and seeds. By understanding their dietary preferences, you can take steps to attract these charming avian friends to your yard.

Whether it’s the western bluebirds of the Pacific coast or the vibrant eastern bluebirds found across North America, providing a variety of food options is essential for supporting their populations. And let’s not forget about baby bluebirds! As they grow and develop, their nutritional needs change too. So how can you ensure that your feathered visitors are well-fed?

Get ready to dive into a world where insects reign supreme and fruits become feasts for tiny beaks. Let’s uncover the secrets behind what makes bluebirds tick when it comes to food!

Bluebirds’ Feeding Habits and Preferences

Bluebirds are fascinating birds known for their vibrant blue plumage and melodious songs. In addition to their beauty, their feeding habits are equally intriguing. Understanding what bluebirds eat and their preferences can help birders attract these delightful creatures to their backyards.

Bluebirds are cavity nesters, meaning they seek out hollow spaces in trees or man-made structures to build their nests. They prefer open areas with short grass, as this provides them with easy access to their primary food source—insects. These small birds rely heavily on insects such as grasshoppers, spiders, snails, and other small invertebrates to meet their nutritional requirements.

One unique feeding behavior exhibited by bluebirds is called “hawking.” Instead of foraging on the ground like many other bird species, bluebirds catch insects in mid-air. This impressive hunting technique involves swooping down from a perch or while flying to snatch insects in flight. Their agility and quick reflexes make them highly effective at capturing prey on the wing.

During the nesting season, when bluebird parents are busy raising their nestlings, finding an abundant food supply becomes crucial. Birders can support these beautiful birds by providing supplementary food options that mimic their natural diet. Offering mealworms is an excellent way to attract bluebirds to your backyard feeders. These soft-bodied larvae resemble the texture and taste of the insects they would typically find in the wild.

Furthermore, it’s important for birders to consider the availability of different foods throughout the year as well as during nesting season. While insects remain a favorite food for adult bluebirds and growing nestlings alike, there may be times when insect populations decline due to weather conditions or other factors. In such cases, having alternative food sources available can ensure that bluebirds have access to adequate nutrition.

In addition to mealworms, tree frogs also serve as occasional snacks for bluebirds. These amphibians provide an additional source of protein and nutrients, especially during the nesting season when bluebird parents require substantial energy to care for their young.

By understanding bluebirds’ feeding habits and preferences, birders can create an inviting habitat that meets their nutritional needs. Providing open areas with short grass for hunting insects, offering mealworms as a supplementary food source, and considering alternative options such as tree frogs during times of limited insect availability are all effective strategies to attract these charming birds to your backyard. So why not create a bluebird-friendly environment today and enjoy the beauty and song of these delightful creatures?

Can Bluebirds Eat Corn?

Bluebirds are fascinating creatures that bring joy to many bird enthusiasts. While they primarily rely on insects for their nutrition, there has been some debate about whether bluebirds can eat corn.

Bluebirds and Corn

It is true that bluebirds may occasionally eat corn kernels if they come across them. However, it’s important to note that corn lacks essential nutrients for these birds and should not be a significant part of their diet. Bluebirds require a well-balanced meal plan consisting mainly of insects, fruits, and berries.

The Nutritional Value of Corn

Corn is a starchy grain that lacks certain vital nutrients necessary for the health of bluebirds. While it does contain carbohydrates, it falls short of providing the protein and fats that bluebirds need to thrive. Cornmeal or popcorn also do not offer substantial nutritional benefits for these birds.

Suitable Food Options for Bluebirds

To support the health and well-being of bluebirds in your area, it is crucial to provide them with more suitable food options. Here are some alternatives that can better meet their dietary needs:

  1. Insects: Bluebirds have a strong affinity for insects such as mealworms, crickets, and grasshoppers. These protein-rich delicacies are an excellent source of nutrition for them.
  2. Fruits: Offering ripe fruits like berries or chopped apples can attract bluebirds while providing essential vitamins and minerals.
  3. Suet: Another great option is suet—a high-energy food made from animal fat mixed with seeds or grains—providing an excellent source of calories during colder months.

By incorporating these options into your backyard feeding routine, you can ensure that bluebirds receive the necessary nutrients they require.

Optimal Winter Food Options for Bluebirds

During the winter months, when insects are scarce, it’s crucial to provide supplemental food for bluebirds. These beautiful creatures rely heavily on insects as their primary food source, but during colder days, it becomes challenging for them to find enough nourishment. To ensure their well-being and survival, offering the right kind of food is essential.

High-Fat Foods: Suet Cakes and Peanut Butter Birdseed Mix

Bluebirds require high-fat foods to provide them with the energy they need to withstand the cold weather. Suet cakes and peanut butter mixed with birdseed are excellent options that can help meet this requirement. Suet cakes are made from animal fat and often contain seeds or dried fruits that attract bluebirds. The high-fat content in suet provides a concentrated source of energy that helps these birds maintain their body temperature.

A mixture of peanut butter and birdseed can be a delightful treat for bluebirds. The sticky texture of peanut butter makes it easy to mix with bird seed, creating a nutritious blend that appeals to these feathered friends. This combination offers both fats and proteins necessary for their survival during winter.

Nutritious Dried Fruits: Raisins and Currants

Including dried fruits in your bluebird’s diet can be another nutritious option during winter. Raisins and currants are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that support the overall health of these birds. By adding dried fruits to suet cakes or mixing them with peanut butter birdseed, you provide an additional source of nutrients while enhancing the taste.

Consider using raisins or currants sparingly as they have higher sugar content compared to other foods mentioned earlier. Moderation is key when offering dried fruits since an excess intake of sugar may not be ideal for bluebirds’ health.

Unfrozen Water Sources: Ensuring Hydration for Bluebirds

While providing food is crucial, it’s equally important to ensure bluebirds have access to unfrozen water sources during winter. Just like humans, birds need hydration to survive. Offering fresh water in a birdbath or using heated birdbaths can prevent the water from freezing and provide a vital resource for visiting bluebirds.

Remember to check the water source regularly and remove any ice that may form. By maintaining an unfrozen water supply, you contribute significantly to the well-being of these beautiful creatures during harsh winter conditions.

Attracting Bluebirds with Fruits and Berries

Adding fruit-bearing plants like elderberries or serviceberries can attract bluebirds by providing natural food sources. Bluebirds, especially the females, have a strong affinity for fruits and berries, making them an excellent addition to any bird-friendly garden.

One way to entice bluebirds is by placing fresh fruits such as sliced apples or oranges on feeding platforms. The vibrant colors and sweet aroma of these fruits are irresistible to bluebirds. By offering this delectable treat, you can create a welcoming environment that will attract these beautiful birds.

Blueberries and raspberries are among the favorite berries of bluebirds. These tiny bursts of flavor can be easily provided in bird feeders. Simply fill a feeder with these delicious berries, and watch as bluebirds flock to enjoy their scrumptious meal. Not only will you be rewarded with the joy of observing these delightful creatures up close, but you’ll also be helping them meet their dietary needs.

Creating an inviting habitat for bluebirds involves planting a variety of fruit trees and shrubs. This not only provides a continuous supply of food but also offers shelter for the birds. Juniper berries, elderberries, currants, cherries, hackberry, honeysuckle, dogwood, wild grapes – all these fruit-bearing plants are highly attractive to bluebirds.

Fruit trees play an essential role in attracting bluebirds as well. Apple trees are particularly favored due to their abundance of small fruit that is perfect for snacking on. Planting apple trees in your yard will not only provide nourishment for bluebirds but also attract other wildlife such as moths and caterpillars which serve as additional food sources.

In addition to planting specific fruits and berries loved by bluebirds, it’s important to consider the timing of when they ripen. By selecting varieties that ripen at different times throughout the season, you can ensure a constant supply of food for these birds. This will increase the likelihood of bluebirds choosing your garden as their preferred feeding ground.

do bluebirds eat corn

To summarize, bluebirds have a strong affinity for fruits and berries. By incorporating fruit-bearing plants like elderberries or serviceberries into your garden, you can attract these beautiful birds and provide them with natural food sources. Fresh fruits such as sliced apples or oranges can be placed on feeding platforms to entice bluebirds, while bird feeders filled with berries like blueberries or raspberries are also highly effective. Planting a variety of fruiting trees and shrubs, including juniper berries, currants, cherries, hackberry, honeysuckle, dogwood, and wild grapes, will create an inviting habitat for bluebirds. Fruit trees such as apple trees are particularly attractive to these birds due to their small fruit size. By following these tips and creating a bird-friendly environment rich in fruits and berries, you can enjoy the presence of bluebirds in your yard throughout the year.

By providing an abundant supply of their favorite foods – whether it’s juicy apples or plump raspberries – you’ll become the go-to destination for bluebirds seeking nourishment and comfort. So get started today by planting those delicious treats that will keep these feathered friends coming back for more!

Choosing the Right Birdfeeders for Bluebirds

Bluebirds are delightful creatures to have in your backyard, and providing them with the right bird feeders can encourage them to visit more frequently. Here are some important tips to consider when selecting a bluebird feeder that will cater to their specific feeding habits.

Bluebirds prefer open tray-style feeders that provide easy access to food.

Opt for feeders that feature an open tray design. These types of feeders allow bluebirds to easily spot the food and access it without any obstacles. The absence of confinement enables these beautiful birds to comfortably perch while enjoying their meal.

To make the feeding experience even more enjoyable for bluebirds, choose a feeder with raised edges. This prevents the food from spilling out easily, ensuring that they have an ample supply available at all times. Raised edges also help create a sense of security for bluebirds as they dine, allowing them to relax and savor their meal without feeling threatened by potential predators.

Avoid using tube feeders or those with small perches, as they are not suitable for bluebird feeding habits.

While tube feeders may be suitable for other bird species, they are not ideal for bluebird feeding habits. Bluebirds prefer open spaces where they can see their surroundings while eating. Tube feeders restrict their view and make it difficult for them to feel safe and secure during mealtime.

Similarly, avoid choosing bird feeders with small perches. Bluebirds have relatively larger feet compared to other small birds, so they require more space to perch comfortably while enjoying their food. By opting for a feeder with wider perches or tray-style platforms instead, you ensure that these vibrant birds can dine in peace and comfort.

Position the feeders at a height where they are visible but safe from predators.

To attract bluebirds effectively, it is crucial to position the bird feeder at an optimal height. Bluebirds prefer feeders that are visible and easily accessible, but still out of reach from potential predators. Placing the feeder at a height of around 4 to 6 feet above the ground strikes a balance between visibility and safety.

Consider mounting the feeder on a pole or attaching it securely to a tree branch. This will prevent squirrels and other small mammals from reaching the food intended for bluebirds. Ensure that the feeder is placed away from dense shrubs or trees where predators like cats may hide.

By following these guidelines when selecting bird feeders for bluebirds, you can create an inviting environment that encourages their presence in your backyard. Remember to provide open tray-style feeders with raised edges, avoid tube feeders or those with small perches, and position the feeders at an optimal height for both visibility and safety. With these considerations in mind, you’ll be able to enjoy the delightful presence of bluebirds while they relish their meals in your garden.

Myths and Facts: Sunflower Seeds for Bluebirds

Contrary to popular belief, sunflower seeds are not a preferred food source for bluebirds. While these vibrant birds are known for their beauty and melodious songs, their dietary preferences may come as a surprise to many. Bluebirds have difficulty cracking open sunflower seed shells due to their small beaks, making it challenging for them to access the nutritious kernels inside.

Offering shelled sunflower hearts or chips can make it easier for bluebirds to consume these nutritious seeds. These heart-shaped morsels provide a convenient solution by eliminating the need for cracking open shells. With their soft texture, they allow bluebirds to readily enjoy the benefits of sunflower seeds without any obstacles.

However, it’s important to remember that insects and fruits should still form the majority of their diet. Bluebirds are primarily insectivores, relying heavily on insects like beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, and spiders. In fact, studies have shown that up to 70% of an adult bluebird’s diet consists of insects during breeding season.

Fruits also play a significant role in a bluebird’s diet. They provide essential nutrients and serve as an additional food source when insects become scarce or unavailable. Blueberries, elderberries, serviceberries, and raisins are among the fruits that bluebirds find particularly appealing.

To create an optimal feeding environment for bluebirds while incorporating sunflower seeds into their diet:

  1. Offer shelled sunflower hearts or chips in bird feeders specifically designed for small songbirds like bluebirds.
  2. Place feeders strategically in areas where bluebirds frequent such as open fields or near wooded edges.
  3. Ensure the feeders are easily accessible and protected from predators.
  4. Provide natural perches nearby so that bluebirds can rest between feeding sessions.
  5. Regularly clean and refill feeders to maintain freshness and prevent the growth of mold or bacteria.

By following these steps, you can attract bluebirds to your backyard and provide them with a supplementary source of nutrition through sunflower seeds. Remember that while sunflower seeds are not a staple in their diet, they can be an occasional treat that adds variety to their menu.


In conclusion, enhancing your yard to support bluebirds is a great way to attract and provide for these beautiful birds. By understanding their feeding habits and preferences, you can create an environment that encourages bluebirds to visit and stay in your yard.

While bluebirds typically prefer insects and berries as their primary food sources, they can also eat corn on occasion. However, it’s important to note that corn should not be the main component of their diet as it lacks the essential nutrients they need.

During winter months when insects are scarce, offering optimal food options such as mealworms, suet, and fruit can help sustain bluebirds and ensure their survival. These alternative food sources provide the necessary energy and nutrients they require during colder periods.

Attracting bluebirds with fruits and berries is another effective strategy. Bluebirds are particularly fond of native fruits like elderberries, dogwood berries, and wild grapes. Planting these fruit-bearing trees or shrubs in your yard will not only provide a natural food source but also enhance the overall beauty of your landscape.

Choosing the right birdfeeders for bluebirds is crucial to ensure they have access to their preferred foods while keeping larger birds or squirrels at bay. Opt for feeders with small openings that accommodate their size while deterring unwanted visitors.

Contrary to popular belief, sunflower seeds are not an ideal choice for bluebirds. While they may occasionally consume them if no other options are available, sunflower seeds do not offer the same nutritional value as insects or berries.

To summarize, supporting bluebirds in your yard involves understanding their feeding habits and providing them with suitable food options. Enhancing your landscape with native plants that bear fruits and berries will attract these lovely creatures while ensuring they have access to a variety of nutritious foods throughout the year.

So why wait? Start transforming your yard into a haven for bluebirds today!


Can I feed corn to bluebirds as their main food?

No, corn should not be the main component of a bluebird’s diet as it lacks essential nutrients. While bluebirds can eat corn on occasion, it is best to offer them a variety of foods that align with their natural feeding habits.

What are some optimal winter food options for bluebirds?

During winter months when insects are scarce, you can provide bluebirds with mealworms, suet, and fruit. These alternative food sources offer the necessary energy and nutrients to sustain them during colder periods.

What fruits and berries do bluebirds prefer?

Bluebirds are particularly fond of native fruits like elderberries, dogwood berries, and wild grapes. Planting these fruit-bearing trees or shrubs in your yard will attract bluebirds while enhancing the overall beauty of your landscape.

How can I choose the right birdfeeders for bluebirds?

To choose the right birdfeeders for bluebirds, opt for feeders with small openings that accommodate their size while deterring larger birds or squirrels.

Can I feed sunflower seeds to bluebirds?

While bluebirds may occasionally consume sunflower seeds if no other options are available, they do not offer the same nutritional value as insects or berries. It is best to provide them with their preferred food sources instead.

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